Fabricated Metal

SIC 3411 Metal Cans - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

The metal can and shipping container industry includes companies engaged in the manufacture of metal cans from purchased materials, primarily steel and aluminum. The majority of the cans and containers produced in this industry are used to package various foods and beverages.

SIC 3412 Metal Shipping Barrels, Drums, Kegs, and Pails - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

This category includes establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal shipping barrels, drums, kegs, and pails.

SIC 3421 Cutlery - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

Rated in 1872 by J.B. Hyde as one of America's "great industries," cutlery manufacturing has witnessed significant change during the twentieth century.

SIC 3423 Hand and Edge Tools, Except Machine Tools and Handsaws - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

Firms in this industry manufacture simple, edged hand-tools such as files, axes, chisels, prying bars, rulers, soldering irons, tongs, rakes, and cutters for metalworking, woodworking, and general maintenance. Saws and saw blades are discussed in SIC 3425: Saw Blades and Handsaws, while metal-cutting dies and power-driven hand tools, attachments, and accessories appear under the major group for industrial and commercial machinery and computer equipment.

SIC 3425 Saw Blades and Handsaws - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

This category covers establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing handsaws and saw blades for hand-and power-driven saws. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing power driven sawing machines are classified in the major group for industrial and commercial machinery and computer equipment.

SIC 3429 Hardware, Not Elsewhere Classified - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

This industry manufactures a diverse range of products, including brackets, clamps, couplings, door locks, fireplace equipment, handcuffs, nut crackers, and piano hardware.

SIC 3431 Enameled Iron and Metal Sanitary Ware - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

Metal sanitary ware manufacturers compete in the household, commercial, and industrial plumbing product markets, producing products made of cast iron, enameled iron and steel, and stainless steel. Traditionally, these markets are directly influenced by the nation's construction markets and, therefore, are extremely cyclical.

SIC 3432 Plumbing Fixtures and Fittings - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

Companies that produce metal plumbing fixtures and parts make up the plumbing fixture and fittings industry. This classification also encompasses establishments engaged in the assembly of plastic components into fixtures and fittings.

SIC 3433 Heating Equipment, Except Electric and Warm Air Furnaces - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

SIC 3441 Fabricated Structural Metal - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

This classification includes establishments primarily engaged in fabricating iron and steel or other metal for structural purposes, such as bridges, buildings, and sections for ships, boats, and barges. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal doors, sash, frames, molding, and trim are classified in SIC 3442: Metal Doors, Sash, Frames, Molding, and Trim; and establishments doing fabrication work at the site of construction are classified in the Construction industries.

SIC 3442 Metal Doors, Sash, Frames, Molding, and Trim - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

The metal doors, sash, frames, molding, and trim industry is an extremely competitive industry with a low profit margin. It has experienced moderate but steady growth in shipments since 1982, except for a slight dip in 1990 and 1991.

SIC 3443 Fabricated Plate Work—Boiler Shops - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

SIC 3444 Sheet Metal Work - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

This industry encompasses companies primarily engaged in manufacturing sheet metal work for buildings (not including fabrication work done by construction contractors at the place of construction) as well as stovepipes, light tanks, and other products of sheet metal.

SIC 3446 Architectural and Ornamental Metal Work - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

Manufacturers in the architectural and ornamental metal work industry provide construction contractors with building and finishing materials for all divisions of the development market. Product offerings include bank fixtures, guide rails for stairways and ramps, permanent ladders and stairways, lamp posts, flag poles, metal grates, fire escapes, decorative fences and posts, brass fixtures, and various metal adornments.

SIC 3448 Prefabricated Metal Buildings and Components - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

This category covers establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing portable and other prefabricated metal buildings and parts and prefabricated exterior metal panels.

SIC 3449 Miscellaneous Structural Metal Work - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

This category includes establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing miscellaneous structural metal work, such as metal plaster bases, fabricated bar joists, and concrete reinforcing bars. Also included in this industry are establishments primarily engaged in custom roll-forming of metal.

SIC 3451 Screw Machine Products - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

According to the Precision Machine Products Association (formerly the National Screw Machine Products Association), more than 1,600 companies employed more than 56,000 highly skilled workers throughout North America in the late 1990s. These companies utilized traditional methods combined with cutting-edge technologies, such as automatic screw machines, computer-controlled (CNC) single- and multiple-spindle lathes and CNC turning and machining centers, to manufacture billions of component parts to precise specifications.

SIC 3452 Bolts, Nuts, Screws, Rivets, and Washers - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

Manufacturers in this industry produce the materials that hold American industry together: bolts, nuts, screws, rivets, and washers. Producing these items in lots as small as 1,000 and as large as 20 million, manufacturers make both custom-ordered and standard fasteners using processes quite different from that of the screw machine product industry, SIC 3451: Screw Machine Products, with which it otherwise shares many similarities.

SIC 3462 Iron and Steel Forgings - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

This industry includes establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing iron and steel forgings, with or without the use of dies. These establishments generally operate on a job or order basis, manufacturing forgings for sale to others or for interplant transfer.

SIC 3463 Nonferrous Forgings - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

This category includes establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing nonferrous forgings, with or without the use of dies. These establishments generally operate on a job or order basis, manufacturing forgings for sale to others or for interplant transfer.

SIC 3465 Automotive Stampings - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

This category includes establishments that primarily manufacture metal auto parts, such as body panels, hubs, and trim pieces, usually for sale to other manufacturers or for use in assembly facilities located off-site. Those firms that utilize the stamped products in the manufacture of end products in the same establishment are categorized by that end-product.

SIC 3466 Crowns and Closures - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

This category covers establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal crowns and closures, including both bottle caps and jar crowns and tops.

SIC 3469 Metal Stampings, Not Elsewhere Classified - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

This category includes establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal stampings and spun products, not elsewhere classified, including porcelain enameled products. Products of this industry include household appliance housings and parts, cooking and kitchen utensils, and other non-automotive job stampings.

SIC 3471 Electroplating, Plating, Polishing, Anodizing, and Coloring - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

This category includes establishments primarily engaged in all types of electroplating, plating, anodizing, coloring, and finishing of metals and formed products for the trade. Also included in this industry are establishments that perform these types of activities on their own account, on purchased metals or formed products.

SIC 3479 Coating, Engraving, and Allied Services, Not Elsewhere Classified - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

This industry includes establishments primarily engaged in performing the following types of services on metals, for the trade: (1) enameling, lacquering, and varnishing metal products; (2) hot dip galvanizing of mill sheets, plates and bars, castings, and formed products fabricated of iron and steel; hot dip coating such items with aluminum, lead, or zinc; retinning cans and utensils;(3) engraving, chasing, and etching jewelry, silverware, notarial, and other seals, and other metal products for purposes other than printing; and (4) other metal services, not elsewhere classified. Also included in this industry are establishments that perform these types of activities on their own account on purchased metals or formed products.

SIC 3482 Small Arms Ammunition - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

The early 2000s were marked by increased sales for small arms and small arms ammunition manufacturers. Ongoing controversy over gun laws helped boost sales and interest in shooting sports, as did concerns about selfdefense, especially in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001.

SIC 3483 Ammunition, Except for Small Arms - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 53 establishments operated in this category in the late 1990s.

SIC 3484 Small Arms - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

In 2002 there were approximately 400 gun makers in the United States, which together generated annual sales of approximately $1.38 billion. Nearly all of the major gun manufacturers in the United States were privately owned companies; the only public company was Sturm, Ruger & Co.

SIC 3489 Ordnance and Accessories, Not Elsewhere Classified - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

This category covers establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing ordnance and accessories, not elsewhere classified, such as naval, aircraft, anti-aircraft, tank, coast, and field artillery having a bore more than 30 mm. (or more than 1.18 inch), and components.

SIC 3491 Industrial Valves - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

A valve is a device designed to regulate the flow of a gas, liquid, slurry, or dry material through a pipeline or a chute. Valves not only regulate the flow of material but also the rate, volume, pressure, and direction of the flow.

SIC 3492 Fluid Power Valves and Hose Fittings - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

The National Fluid Power Association (NFPA) calculated the total U.S. fluid power market at $13.5 billion in the late 1990s.

SIC 3493 Steel Springs, Except Wire - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

Tuthill Transport Technologies of Springfield, Missouri, led the industry with 2001 sales of $95 million and 400 employees. In second place was Hilite Industries of Elk Grove Village, Illinois, with $35 million in sales and 300 employees.

SIC 3494 Valves and Pipe Fittings, Not Elsewhere Classified - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

Parker Hannafin Corp. Refrigerating Specialties of Broadview, Illinois, led the industry with $5.0 billion in 2001 sales on the strength of only 500 employees.

SIC 3495 Wire Springs - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

This industry consists of establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wire springs from purchased wire. Establishments primarily engaged in assembling wire bedsprings or seats are classified in the Furniture and Fixtures industries.

SIC 3496 Miscellaneous Fabricated Wire Products - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 1,253 establishments operated in this category during the late 1990s.

SIC 3497 Metal Foil and Leaf - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

The value of laminated aluminum foil shipments in 2000 was $1.43 billion. The industry employed approximately 4,500 people.

SIC 3498 Fabricated Pipe and Pipe Fittings - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

According to the U.S. Census Bureau's Annual Survey of Manufactures, there were approximately 32,000 employees in this category in 2001.

SIC 3499 Fabricated Metal Products, Not Elsewhere Classified - Description, Market Prospects, Industry History

The fabricated metal products not elsewhere classified industry encompasses establishments that manufacture miscellaneous metal goods for both commercial and residential applications. Examples of industry output include metal ladders, ironing boards, steel safes, toilet fixtures, trophies, lawnmower wheels, chairs, barricades, ammunition boxes, and automobile seat frames.

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